- Increasing age ??? About 83% of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older.
- Male sex (gender) ??? Men have a greater risk of heart attack than women, and they have attacks earlier in life.
- Heredity (including race) ??? Children of parents with heart disease are more likely to develop it themselves. African Americans have more severe high blood pressure than whites and a higher risk of heart disease. Heart disease is also higher among Mexican Americans, American Indians, native Hawaiians and some Asian Americans.
- Tobacco smoke ??? Smokers??? risk of developing heart disease is two to four times that of nonsmokers'. Smokers who have a heart attack are more likely to die and die suddenly (within an hour) than nonsmokers.
- High blood cholesterol levels ??? The risk of coronary heart disease rises as blood cholesterol levels increase.
- High blood pressure ??? High blood pressure increases the heart???s workload, causing the heart to enlarge and weaken over time.
- Physical inactivity ??? An inactive lifestyle is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Regular, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity is important in preventing heart and blood vessel disease.
- Obesity and overweight ??? People who have excess body fat ??? especially if a lot of it is in the waist area ??? are more likely to develop heart disease and stroke even if they have no other risk factors.
- Diabetes mellitus ??? Diabetes seriously increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Heart Healthy Quizzes